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Stephen drove his truck to the entrance of the Brooklyn Battery Tunnel, but it had already been closed for security purposes. Determined to carry out his duty, he strapped 60 lbs. Williamson fired a 1-under par 71 on the second day thanks to a 4-under second nine with four birdies in the final six holes and three-straight to close out his round.

With the success of his second round, he moved up to sixth on the individual leaderboard. As a team, Army shot 9-over par and sits fifth of 14 teams in the tournament. Columbia leads the way at 8-over for the event. Hartford's Ryan Tomaso remained in the leader after day two with a 1-under round of Williamson recovered on the second nine after shooting 3-over for the first nine. Andrew Watts finished day two with a 76 on his score card and had three birdies during his round.

Army is coming off a win over Morgan State on September 21 extending the Black Knights home winning streak to 15 games. The crowd definitely helped as well. There were people on this team who were like 'we are not going to lose this game. We are going to get this block right now and we are going to get this dig.

In an instant classic, the Cadets and Mids traded sets before the Black Knights claimed the Star in a back and forth fifth set Navy now leads the Star Series Army stormed out of the gate in the first, using strong net play with four blocks to take the first set Navy returned the favor in the second set, pulling even with a second. That net play was again key for Army in the third as they posted six more. In total, the Black Knights recorded 14 blocks with 25 combined tallies and yearling Emmy Barnhorst lead the way with 9. Lafayette and Columbia are six strokes ahead of Army in the lead at 4-over for the tournament.

Hartford's Ryan Tomaso is at the top of the individual leaderboard after a 5-under 67 on day one. The Army West Point Men's Tennis team turned in a strong appearance in its fall opener over the weekend. The Black Knights saw four flight titles in singles play and an overall doubles champion. The senior captain defeated Matthew Johnson in three sets -- , , in the final. Thomas Lake was stellar in his first collegiate tournament, going throughout the tournament in singles and doubles.

David Gorshein also finished undefeated during the three days of singles play. Also making his collegiate debut, Nathan Jose went in singles on his way to top billing in the White Bracket. The Black Knights finished the tournament with a record in singles play overall. The Cadets were in doubles action over the three days. Army finished the West Point Invite with a singles record overall.

Cattle Valley Series by Carol Lynne — BOX SETS

Hopper's belief that programs should be written in a language that was close to English rather than in machine code or in languages close to machine code, such as assembly languages was captured in the new business language, and COBOL went on to be the most ubiquitous business language to date. Edith taught for ten years before retiring in Study animals were obtained using a three-stage random sampling procedure. The Group counts with some 3, employees in 50 global companies. Page 1 of 5 Showing 1 - 48 of Next. She developed the idea of creating a frequency-hopping signal that could not be tracked or jammed. Love the idea that there are those that are looking for ways to produce and harvest meat in more natural setting!

The Black Knights were overall in doubles play over the three days. Bou and McKenzie went together in doubles. The Black Knights ground game accounted for yards. On the defensive side, the Black Knights collected three fumble recoveries. The Army West Point women's rugby team hit the road for the first time this fall Saturday. The 77 points are a season-high for Army.

It is the second highest point total in varsity history. Army has now won three straight against Notre Dame College and are all-time against the Falcons in varsity 15s play. Kaitlyn Schwarting scored two tries on the day -- her first two of the fall. Sam Sullivan dotted two tries on the day to give her four on the season. McKenzie Borchers scored a try of her own, chipped in six conversions, and added a penalty kick for 20 total points. Captain Bayleigh Gable had seven points with a try and a conversion. Damaria Morton added her third try of the season. Superfrog is the oldest Because of its military history, it is the only Ironman Myers was second overall individually and Buros was 4th overall.

Two Cadets were paired with Army Bass Angler Pro Staff to compete against active, retired and veterans from different military services. Frankie Turner '20 and Justin Altrogge '22 represented Army West Point in the competition with the results released when the show airs in January Both of Army West Point men's and women's basketball doubleheaders against service-academy rival Navy will be broadcast live on CBS Sports Network this season, the Patriot League announced in a release Thursday morning.

One of the most storied rivalries in all of sports will be televised to a national audience. The latter date will represent the battle for the "star" for both the men and women as part of the Star Series presented by USAA. Tipoff for the women's games will be at 11 a. The CBS Sports Network will be airing 19 Patriot League basketball games during the season, including both men's and women's League championship games. The first televised league game of the season on the network will be January 6, when the Black Knights host defending league champion Colgate with coverage from Christl Arena beginning at 7 p.

There will be two men's basketball flex games on February 23 and February The selection of the flex contests will be made no later than 10 days prior to the competition date. Faculty from the Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering and the Department of Chemistry took 16 Cadets from six departments including one international Cadet from Rwanda to spend time with the U. He also permitted a tour of their newly renovated facility at Caven Point, NJ and how the facility has been engineered to withstand a storm equivalent to Super Storm Sandy.

Participation in this event aided to understanding opportunities within the U. Army Corps of Engineers and the Engineer Branch. In his first action of the season, Petrella was one of four Black Knights to finish in the top in the highly competitive race, placing eighth with a time of As a team, Army defeated No. Student Chapter faculty and Cadets enjoyed sharing information about SAME to over students during the two-hour event which resulted in 78 new members signing up to be part of the Student Chapter.

Within one week all new members were already officially added to the roster and a welcome email was sent to them by the Student Chapter senior Faculty Advisor and an invitation to sign up for all activities with the Fall semester was communicated by the Student Chapter President Cadet-in-Charge. With just over a week until the start of the season, the Army West Point hockey team has been slated to finish eighth in the Atlantic Hockey Association Preseason Poll, announced by the league.

It should be another exciting season in Atlantic Hockey and as always we will be hoping to play our best hockey coming down the stretch heading into the playoffs. American International, the reigning AHA Champions, was first in the poll with 10 first-place votes and total points. Niagara jumped up this season to second in the poll with 78 points, while Bentley and Sacred Heart tied for third with 77 points. The Falcons garnered the last remaining first-place vote.

Army made a run in the post season last year with a thrilling series victory over Mercyhurst on the road in the first round before falling to AIC in the quarterfinals. This race is the second Northeast Collegiate Triathlon Conference NECTC series race this season in which collegiate athletes earn points towards the conference championship. Despite cooler temperatures and breezy conditions due to Hurricane Dorian passing by offshore, the cadets completed the challenge with spectacular results and earned a significant amount of conference points.

Lodging and Transportation were coordinated perfectly with AOG and the tailgate was a fun time for everyone. Effective communication enabled flexibility and agility.

Carol Lynne

Cadets were prepared and excited for all events. Cadet leadership executed responsibilities effectively. To top it off, Army Won. Six different rushers for the Army West Point Football team found pay dirt as the Black Knights topped Morgan State, , to extend their home winning streak to 15 games on Saturday afternoon at Michie Stadium.

The Cadets logged yards of total offense against the Bears after rushing for It was the most rushing yards in a single game by Army at Michie Stadium since putting up in last year's home opener against Liberty. Slomka led the charge with a career-best yards and a touchdown on 18 carries. Christian Anderson, who appeared behind center for the first time in his career after Jabari Laws exited the game late in the first quarter, logged 75 yards on nine carries.

The third-year quarterback also threw for 80 yards after completing an yard touchdown pass in the win. Cole Christiansen captained the Army defense with a team-high 11 tackles, while Arik Smith posted eight. The Bears generated over yards through the air, but the Black Knights' defense came away with three interceptions and limited Morgan State to just 21 points. For the third-straight year, the game needed to be decided in double overtime.

Holy Cross took advantage of a corner kick in the first half to go up over the Black Knights in the 36th minute. The Cadets didn't remain quiet and rallied for the equalizer in the 51st minute.

Carfagno connected with a loose ball inside the box off an Army free kick and fired it home for the score. After regulation, Erynn Johns gave Army its best opportunity three minutes into the second overtime, but the shot trickled wide right. Army improves on the year and are in conference play. The plebes helped revitalize the Black Knights as they head into their bye week. It's more about their confidence and believing in themselves. We believe in them and at the end of the day it's another game of rugby and it's just going out and doing what they know how to do.

Army pressed the attack right out the gate and were rewarded when Joe Ryan was able to pound it in for the first score of the game. Iona responded with some pressure of their own on the offensive end -- forcing two PK attempts to take a lead. It was the first action of the season for many of the Black Knights top competitors, marking the beginning of the team's defense of its back-to-back Patriot League championships.

The team finished with 91 points, finishing second behind No.

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Firstie captain Ben Petrella was the top finisher for Army, placing eighth with a time of Yearling Marshall Beatty, the Patriot League Rookie of the Year, finished right behind his teammate at to place 10th. Sacred Heart and Stony Brook. Credit to Yale, they were a very good and physical team and we didn't play our best in that match.

However, I am proud of the team for coming back from a tough loss and putting on one of their best performances to date against Stony Brook. The day was highlighted by a dominant effort against Stony Brook in which the Cadets took the match in straight sets , and Firsties Allie Strong and Sydney Morriss were superb in the match with both recording double-doubles. Strong posted 13 kills and 11 digs and Morriss added 10 kills and a season-high 10 digs.

Yearling Emmy Barnhorst was also in double-digits on the kills list, posting 11 with a. Firstie Nikki Lum was the only Cadet to reach double-digits in assists with a match-high All week long, U. S Army branch representatives have been educating cadets on their respective career fields through various display tours, leader panels, independent research and social functions, so that members of the Class of can make informed decisions on which branch suits them best.

First Class Cadets will receive their branch assignments in November. View photos on our Flickr page. Army Sgt. But he's never experienced Friday Night Lights. After the names were read, some by family members like Dean, a gun salute was fired. Butler junior Matthew Trog played "Taps" on solo trumpet. After the Bulldogs ran onto the field, everyone paused and looked to the sky for the parachutists. Throughout the trip cadets had a variety of opportunities to ponder the main question of the trip: "What does it mean to be an American?

Congratulations to the new white belt cadets for earning a spot on the Judo team after a grueling two-week tryout. Sydney Cassalia secured her second clean sheet of the season with two saves as Alyssa Carfagno netted the Cadets' game-winning goal. The Black Knights produced multiple scoring opportunities throughout the game, but the solo score in the 68th minute proved to be all it took to triumph over Marist.

Morgan Walsh initiated the Army goal with a throw in on the right side of the field. Trinity Garay headed the ball through a pair of Marist defenders to connect with Carfagno who chipped it in to the net, high on the left side during the 68th minute of play at Malek Stadium at Clinton Field. The game league slate opens on January 2 in Lewisburg, Pa. Fans will have the opportunity to watch the Black Knights right after the holiday break when Army welcomes the defending regular season and tournament champions, Colgate, on January 6 before hosting American two days later.

A home matchup then awaits the Black Knights as Bucknell makes the trip to Christl Arena on January 29 for the regular season series finale. The two sides will meet again on February 15 on the banks of the Hudson.

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This event was funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and gathered faculty members from across West Point to explore the moral, psychological, and spiritual impacts of war on the warrior as he or she returns home. External facilitators from the USNA and other institutions used sources in philosophy, history, poetry, and literature to spur discussions that allowed participants to better comprehend their and other's experiences with war and coming home.

USMA is looking to incorporate the material and the spirit of this event in classrooms and other area at West Point. It was the first clean sheet of the season for the Black Knights , who secured their second home win of the year. O'Shea, who netted the lone goal against the Mountaineers , tallied a score for the third consecutive contest. Army held an advantage in both shots and corners , but the Mount St.

Mary's goalkeeper limited the Cadets to just one score while making eight saves. The Black Knights' defense performed at an elevated level as well, containing the Mountaineers to just one shot on goal. Leach registered a career-high two interceptions in the season-opener against Penn, while also contributing two pass breakups.

He racked up a total of five tackles, four of those being solo, the other one assisted. His four passes defended and two interceptions led the league. Those two interceptions matched his previous career total entering the game. Ortman hit the game-winning yard field goal to beat Penn with less than five minutes remaining in the contest.

Additionally, he was 3-for-3 in PAT attempts in the game. The hockey season begins in less than a month and the Army West Point Ticket Office has announced that single game tickets are now on sale along with mini plans, season and group tickets. Army's schedule will feature 16 home games, including a weekend series against service academy rival Air Force at Tate Rink on Jan. It was his third career multi-TD game and his first since Army's defense held UTSA to yards of offense and just 51 yards on the ground.

The Black Knights have held their opponents to an average of The defensive unit ranks tied for fifth nationally in fumble recoveries 5 , tied for 20th in takeaways 6 , 22nd in passing defense Firstie Elijah Riley recorded a strip sack against the Roadrunners, marking his second career forced fumble in as many games. He also finished with two tackles for loss matching his career-high at Michigan the previous week. On top of his two forced fumbles T-4th nationally , Riley is tied for 17th in the country in sacks 3 and tied for 21st in tackles for loss 5.

Firstie linebacker Cole Christiansen is tied for fourth nationally in forced fumbles 2 , tied for 23rd in tackles 28 and tied for 25th in solo stops For over a century, from the War of Spanish Succession through the Napoleonic wars, the basic infantry firearm was the smoothbore flintlock musket. Combined with the socket bayonet, it allowed for thinner linear formations strong enough to defend themselves from frontal cavalry attacks without the assistance of Pikemen.

Jabari Laws made his first collegiate start under center and rushed for a career-best yards on 23 carries and a touchdown. Kell Walker had his best outing of the season with 80 yards on five carries and two touchdowns on the ground. The Black Knights' defense was key in holding off the Roadrunners in the first half and recorded five sacks and nine tackles for loss in the win. Six different players registered at least a half a sack.

Army forced three fumbles in the game and recovered two, including Jacob Covington's huge recovery off a Javhari Bourdeau forced fumble in the second half. Army ran for a season-high yards and found the end zone four times on the ground. The Black Knights' defense held the home team to total yards, including only 51 rushing yards.

Action wrapped up Sunday at the Quinnipiac Invite, with the Black Knights having a monster final day on the court. In the E bracket, MaryJo Pidgeon and Gloria Son also both advanced to the finals -- both scored straight set win in their respective semifinals. Neither final was contested against the four teammates. In the B draw, Paola Bou fell in the semis to Lillian Burchell of Boston, while in the C bracket, after battling in three sets to advance to the final, Hannah Boubel fought valiantly to another third set before falling , , to Katya Martens of Boston.

In the A consolation bracket, two-time defending Patriot League Player of the Year Ana Joyner cruised through the semis and finals on the way to claiming top spot. Elizabeth Gilbert also won two matches in the C consolation draw, defeating Emily Lombardi in the final. With wins over Kent State and Bryant, Army remains undefeated at home this season with all six of its wins recorded at West Point. Firstie Sydney Morriss was named the tournament's Most Valuable Player after recording 33 kills across the team's three matches.

Moby adjusted his cock inside his tight jeans and turned off the bedroom light.

Series by cover

He found his mother, Virginia, still sitting at the kitchen table. Moby bent over and kissed her cheek. Baines will be by around seven. Moby gave his mom one last kiss on the cheek. What if you slide off the road or something? Virginia tapped her fingers on the table for several seconds. He picked his keys up off the counter.

The term was coined by Australian prime minister John Howard in in the context of balancing work pressures with family responsibilities. Barbecue stopper is now used in a wide range of contexts. For an earlier discussion of the term see our Word of the Month article from August The name of the Barcoo River in western Queensland has been used since the s as a shorthand reference for the hardships, privations, and living conditions of the outback.

Poor diets were common in remote areas, with little access to fresh vegetables or fruit, and as a result diseases caused by dietary deficiencies, such Barcoo rot —a form of scurvy characterised by chronic sores—were common. Another illness probably caused by poor diet was Barcoo sickness also called Barcoo vomit , Barcoo spew , or just Barcoo , a condition characterised by vomiting. Barcoo can also typify the laconic bush wit. To give support or encouragement to a person, team, etc. Some claim barrack comes from Australian pidgin to poke borak at 'to deride', but its origin is probably from Northern Irish barrack 'to brag; to be boastful'.

By itself barrack meant 'to jeer' and still does in British English , but the form barrack for transformed the jeering into cheering in Australian English. The opening of the starting gates to begin a horserace. In horseracing the barrier is a starting gate at the racecourse. The word barrier is found in a number of horseracing terms in Australian English including barrier blanket a heavy blanket placed over the flanks of a racehorse to calm it when entering a barrier stall at the start of a race , barrier trial a practice race for young, inexperienced, or resuming racehorses , and barrier rogue a racehorse that regularly misbehaves when being placed into a starting gate.

Barrier rise is first recorded in the s. For a more detailed discussion of this term see our Word of the Month article from October Wilson's colt Merman, who, like Hova, was comparatively friendless at barrier rise. The word battler has been in the English language for a long time. The word is a borrowing from French in the Middle English period, and meant, literally, 'a person who battles or fights', and figuratively 'a person who fights against the odds or does not give up easily'.

The corresponding English word was feohtan which gives us modern English 'to fight'. English also borrowed the word war from the French in the twelfth century; it's the same word as modern French guerre. But the word battler , at the end of the nineteenth century, starts to acquire some distinctively Australian connotations. For this reason, it gets a guernsey in the Australian National Dictionary. It describes the person with few natural advantages, who works doggedly and with little reward, who struggles for a livelihood and who displays courage in so doing.

In Kylie Tennant writes: 'She was a battler, Snow admitted; impudent, hardy, cool, and she could take a "knock-back" as though it didn't matter, and come up to meet the next blow'. In this tradition, K. Roughly speaking, there are three kinds of people in this country: the rich, the middle class and the battlers'. In the 21st century the term has been used in various political contests as this quotation in the Australian from 1 July demonstrates: 'The Prime Minister, who has built his success on an appeal to Australia's battlers, is about to meet thousands more of them in his northern Sydney seat of Bennelong'.

This sense is first recorded in the Bulletin in 'I found patch after patch destroyed. Almost everyone I met blamed the unfortunate "battler", and I put it down to some of the Sydney "talent" until I caught two Chows vigorously destroying melon-vines'. Again in the Bulletin in we find: 'They were old, white-bearded, travel-stained battlers of the track'.

A person who frequents racecourses in search of a living, esp.

Cattle Valley Series by Carol Lynne

The word is used in Australia with this sense from the end of the nineteenth century. Cornelius Crowe in his Australian Slang Dictionary gives: ' Battlers broken-down backers of horses still sticking to the game'. In A. Wright in The Boy from Bullarah notes: 'He betook himself with his few remaining shillings to the home of the battler - Randwick [a racecourse in Sydney]'. In we find in the Bulletin : 'A bludger is about the lowest grade of human thing, and is a brothel bully A battler is the feminine'. Chandler in Darkest Adelaide c. Meanings 2. This is still the person of the Henry Lawson tradition, who, 'with few natural advantages, works doggedly and with little reward, struggles for a livelihood and displays courage in so doing '.

But perhaps the battler of contemporary Australia is more likely to be paying down a large mortgage rather than working hard to put food on the table! Berley is ground-bait scattered by an angler in the water to attract fish to a line or lure. Anglers use a variety of baits for berley, such as bread, or fish heads and guts. Poultry mash and tinned cat food make more unusual berleying material, although this pales beside a Bulletin article in suggesting 'a kerosene-tinful of rabbit carcasses boiled to a pulp' as the best berley for Murray cod.

The first evidence for the noun occurs in the s. The origin of the word is unknown. To display or boast of one's wealth; to exaggerate one's own importance, achievements, etc. In pre-decimal currency days the larger the denomination, the bigger the banknote. Big-noting arose from the connection between flashing large sums of money about and showing off. He had admitted producing it to 'big note' himself in the eyes of the young woman and her parents. Foster Man of Letters : He's never been one to big-note himself. A member of a gang of motorcyclists. Bikie follows a very common pattern in Australian English by incorporating the -ie or -y suffix.

This suffix works as an informal marker in the language. In early use bikie often referred to any member of a motorcycle motorbike gang or club - often associated with youth culture. In more recent times the term is often associated with gangs of motorcylists operating on the fringes of legality. Bikie is first recorded in the s. For a more detailied discussion of the term see our Word of the Month article from March Some bikies procure, distribute and sell drugs through their 'associates', who in turn sell them to kids.

The bilby is either of two Australian bandicoots, especially the rabbit-eared bandicoot Macrotis lagotis , a burrowing marsupial of woodlands and plains of drier parts of mainland Australia. The word is a borrowing from Yuwaalaraay an Aboriginal language of northern New South Wales and neighbouring languages. The bilby is also known as dalgyte in Western Australia and pinky in South Australia. Since the early s there have been attempts to replace the Easter bunny with the Easter bilby. At Easter it is now possible to buy chocolate bilbies. Bilby is first recorded in the s. An arm of a river, made by water flowing from the main stream usually only in time of flood to form a backwater, blind creek, anabranch, or, when the water level falls, a pool or lagoon often of considerable extent ; the dry bed of such a formation.

Billabongs are often formed when floodwaters recede. A vessel for the boiling of water, making of tea, etc. It is not, as popularly thought, related to the Aboriginal word billabong. Billy is first recorded in the s. Burrows Adventures of a Mounted Trooper in the Australain Constabulary : A 'billy' is a tin vessel, something between a saucepan and a kettle, always black outside from being constantly on the fire, and looking brown inside from the quantity of tea that is generally to be seen in it.

Billycart is a shortened form of the Australian term billy-goat cart which dates back to the s. In earlier times the term applied to a small cart, often two-wheeled, that was pulled by a goat. These billycarts were used for such purposes as home deliveries, and they were also used in races.

The term was then applied to any homemade go-cart. Billycart is recorded in the first decade of the 20th century. Winton Cloudstreet : Bits of busted billycarts and boxes litter the place beneath the sagging clothesline. Any of several plants bearing barbed fruits, especially herbs of the widespread genus Calotis ; the fruit of these plants. Bindi-eye is oftened shortened to bindi , and can be spelt in several ways including bindy-eye and bindii. Bindi-eye is usually considered a weed when found in one's lawn.

Many a child's play has been painfully interrupted by the sharp barbs of the plant which have a habit of sticking into the sole of one's foot. Bindy-eye is first recorded in the s. A fight or skirmish; a collision. Bingle is perhaps from Cornish dialect bing 'a thump or blow'. Most other words derived from Cornish dialect in Australian English were originally related to mining, including fossick.

The word is frequently used to refer to a car collision. Bingle is first recorded in the s. Carr Surfie : There was this clang of metal on metal and both cars lurched over to the shoulder and we nearly went for a bingle. A mongrel. A dog or other animal which is made up of a bit of this and a bit of that.

This meaning is common today, but when bitser first appeared in the s it referred to any contraption or vehicle that was made of spare parts, or had odd bits and pieces added. The small girl pondered. My friends call him a "bitzer"', she replied. My favourite was a bitser named Sheila. The black stump of Australian legend first appears in the late 19th century, and is an imaginary marker at the limits of settlement.

Anywhere beyond the black stump is beyond civilisation, deep in the outback, whereas something this side of the black stump belongs to the known world. Although the towns of Blackall, Coolah and Merriwagga each claim to possess the original black stump , a single stump is unlikely to be the origin of this term. It is more probable that the burnt and blackened tree stumps, ubiquitous in the outback, and used as markers when giving directions to travellers is the origin - this sense of black stump is recorded from Tracks have been made, commencing nowhere and ending the same, roads have been constructed haphazard, bridges have been built that had no roads leading either to or from them, railways have terminated at the proverbial black stump.

Beyond the Black Stump. Not shown on the petrol station maps, even. A very unperceptive person; such a person as a type. This term often appears in the phrase even blind Freddy could see that. Although the term may not derive from an actual person, early commentators associate it with a blind Sydney character or characters. Australian lexicographer Sidney Baker wrote in that 'Legend has it that there was a blind hawker in Sydney in the s, named Freddy, whose blindness did not prevent his moving freely about the central city area'.

Other commentators suggest a character who frequented various Sydney sporting venues in the first decades of the 20th century could be the original Freddy. The term itself is first recorded in It applied to a person of great heart, who displayed courage, loyalty, and mateship. To defeat a competitor by a very small margin; to win narrowly. This verb derives from the noun blouse meaning 'the silk jacket worn by a jockey'.

As the origin of this word would indicate, much of the evidence is from the sport of horseracing. For a detailed discussion of blouse see our Word of the Month article from November This word is a survival of British slang bludger , meaning 'a prostitute's pimp'. The word is ultimately a shortening of bludgeoner. A bludgeoner not surprisingly was a person who carried a bludgeon 'a short stout stick or club'. It appears in a mid-nineteenth century English slang dictionary as a term for 'a low thief, who does not hesitate to use violence'.

By the s the 'prostitute's pimp' sense of bludger is found in Australian sources. In the Sydney Slang Dictionary of bludgers are defined as 'plunderers in company with prostitutes'. Cornelius Crowe, in his Australian Slang Dictionary , defines a bludger as 'a thief who will use his bludgeon and lives on the gains of immoral women'. Thus bludger came to mean 'one who lives on the earnings of a prostitute'.

It retained this meaning until the midth century. From the early twentieth century it moved out to be a more general term of abuse, especially as applied to a person who appears to live off the efforts of others as a pimp lives on the earnings of a prostitute. It was then used to refer to a person engaged in non-manual labour - a white-collar worker. This sense appears as early as , but its typical use is represented by this passage from D.

Whitington's Treasure Upon Earth : '"Bludgers" he dubbed them early, because in his language anyone who did not work with his hands at a laboring job was a bludger'. And so it came to mean 'an idler, one who makes little effort'. In the war newspaper Ack Ack News in we find: 'Who said our sappers are bludgers? Cleary in Just let me be writes: 'Everything I backed ran like a no-hoper. Four certs I had, and the bludgers were so far back the ambulance nearly had to bring 'em home'. And thence to 'a person who does not make a fair contribution to a cost, enterprise etc.

Niland writes in The Shiralee : 'Put the nips into me for tea and sugar and tobacco in his usual style. The biggest bludger in the country'. In J. O'Grady writes: 'When it comes to your turn, return the "shout". Otherwise the word will spread that you are a "bludger", and there is no worse thing to be'.

The term dole bludger i. From the following year we have a citation indicating a reaction to the use of the term: Cattleman Rockhampton 'Young people are being forced from their country homes because of a lack of work opportunities and the only response from these so-called political protectors is to label them as dole bludgers'. Throughout the history of the word, most bludgers appear to have been male. The term bludgeress made a brief appearance in the first decade of this century - 'Latterly, bludgers, so the police say, are marrying bludgeresses' Truth 27 September - but it was shortlived.

The word bluey in Australian English has a variety of meanings. The most common is the swag i. There's the everlasting swaggie with his bluey on his back who is striking out for sunset on the Never-never track. Goodge, Hits! The association of the swaggie and his bluey continues in more recent evidence for the term:. A swaggie suddenly appeared out of the bush, unshaven, with wild, haunted eyes, his bluey and billycan on his back.

Cross, George and Widda-Woman That bluey is later transferred to luggage in general, is perhaps not surprising in an urban society which romanticises its 'bush' tradition:. Canberra Times 19 Nov. The word has been used to denote another item of clothing - denim working trousers or overalls - but the citation evidence indicates the last citation being that this usage is no longer current.

More familiar is the use of bluey to describe a summons, especially for a traffic offence originally printed on blue paper :. Perhaps the most Australian use of bluey is the curious use of it to describe a red-headed person first recorded in :. Paterson, Shearer's Colt : 'Bluey', as the crowd called him, had found another winner. All red-haired men are called 'Bluey' in Australia for some reason or other.

Conquest, Dusty Distances : I found out later that he was a native of New South Wales, called ' Bluey because of his red hair - typical Australian logic. A more literal use of bluey in Australian English is its application to fauna whose names begin with blue and which is predominantly blue in colour:. Ornithologists refer to them as some species of wood swallow They're all 'blueys' to us. There are two senses of the word bodgie in Australian English, both probably deriving from an earlier now obsolete word bodger.

The obsolete bodger probably derives from British dialect bodge 'to work clumsily'. In Australian English in the s and s bodger meant: 'Something or occasionally someone which is fake, false, or worthless'. The noun was also used adjectivally. Typical uses:. Hardy, Power without Glory : This entailed the addition of as many more 'bodger' votes as possible. Baker, The Australian Language : An earlier underworld and Army use of bodger for something faked, worthless or shoddy. For example, a faked receipt or false name.. The word bodger was altered to bodgie , and this is now the standard form:.

White, Silent Reach : This heap is hot - else why did they give it a one-coat spray job over the original white duco and fix it with bodgie number plates? In the s another sense of bodgie arose. The word was used to describe a male youth, distinguished by his conformity to certain fashions of dress and larrikin behaviour; analogous to the British 'teddy boy':. This sense of bodgie seems to be an abbreviation of the word bodger with the addition of the -ie -y suffix. Mr Hewett says his research indicates that the term 'bodgie' arose around the Darlinghurst area in Sydney.

It was just after the end of World War II and rationing had caused a flourishing black market in American-made cloth. This sense of bodgie belongs primarily to the s, but bodgie in the sense 'fake, false, inferior, worthless' is alive and flourishing in Australian English. An uncultured and unsophisticated person; a boorish and uncouth person. The early evidence is largely confined to teenage slang. Some lexicographers have suspected that the term may derive from the Bogan River and district in western New South Wales, but this is far from certain, and it seems more likely to be an unrelated coinage.

The term became widespread after it was used in the late s by the fictitious schoolgirl 'Kylie Mole' in the television series The Comedy Company. In the Daily Telegraph 29 November , in an article headed 'Same name a real bogan', a genuine schoolgirl named Kylie Mole 'reckons it really sux' " [i.

Someone who wears their socks the wrong way or has the same number of holes in both legs of their stockings. A complete loser'. The earliest evidence we have been able to find for the term is in the surfing magazine Tracks September 'So what if I have a mohawk and wear Dr Martens boots for all you uninformed bogans? The term has also generated a number of other terms including bogan chick , boganhood , and cashed-up bogan CUB. She had a quiet, middle-class upbringing in Box Hill, attending a private girls' school. Our geographic reach is flexible; residents of Taree and like communities, for example, may readily qualify for Boganhood, usually with little or no burdensome paperwork.

Affectionate, even I'm a bogan because I'm overweight. For further discussions of bogan see our Word of the Month article from Novemeber , and a article 'Bogan: from Obscurity to Australia's most productive Word' in our newsletter Ozwords. To swim or bathe. Bogey is a borrowing from the Aboriginal Sydney Language. The earliest records show the term being used in the pidgin English of Aborigines:. Bogie d'oway.

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These were Colby's words on coming out of the water. Dawson, Present State of Australia : 'Top bit, massa, bogy,' bathe and he threw himself into the water. Yes, said Mr Dixon, any two of ye that can swim. Harris, Settlers and Convicts : In the cool of the evening had a 'bogie' bathe in the river. Flory was much puzzled till she found out that a 'bogey', in colonial phraseology, meant a bath. Mackenzie, Aurukun Diary : A bogey is the Queensland outback word for a bath or bathe. A bogey hole is a 'swimming or bathing hole'. The verb is rare now in Australian English.

For an earlier discussion of bogey see our Word of the Month article from February A wave that forms over a submerged offshore reef or rock, sometimes in very calm weather or at high tide merely swelling but in other conditions breaking heavily and producing a dangerous stretch of broken water. The word is now commonly used for the reef or rock itself. Horrobin Guide to Favourite Australian Fish ed.

Bombora probably derives from the Aboriginal Sydney Language where it may have referred specifically to the current off Dobroyd Head, Port Jackson. Used allusively to refer to a hasty departure or speedy action. Bondi is the Sydney suburb renowned worldwide for its surf beach. Trams last ran on the line in , but the phrase has remained a part of Australian English. Bonzer is an adjective meaning 'surpassingly good, splendid, great'.

In the early records the spelling bonzer alternates with bonser , bonza , and bonzor. The adjective, noun, and adverb are all recorded from the early years of the 20th century:. Yuong Jack Hansen undertook to sit him but failed at every attempt. Jack states he got a 'bonza on the napper', at one time when thrown. Cable By Blow and Kiss : Came back grinning widely, with the assurance that it [ sc. A fool or simpleton; a stupid person; an uncouth person. Boofhead derives from buffle-headed 'having a head like a buffalo' OED and bufflehead 'a fool, blockhead, stupid fellow' OED.

Bufflehead has disappeared from standard English, but survives in its Australian form boofhead. It was popularised by the use of boofhead as the name of a dimwitted comic strip character invented by R. Clark and introduced in the Sydney Daily Mail in May For an earlier discussion of the word see our Word of the Month article from December We get their boofheads so they can have ours. Boomerang is an Australian word which has moved into International English.

The word was borrowed from an Aboriginal language in the early years of European settlement, but the exact language is still uncertain. Early evidence suggests it was borrowed from a language in, or just south of, the Sydney region. While the spelling boomerang is now standard, in the early period the word was given a variety of spellings: bomerang , bommerang , bomring , boomereng , boomering , bumerang [etc]. The Australian Aboriginal boomerang is a crescent-shaped wooden implement used as a missile or club, in hunting or warfare, and for recreational purposes.

The best-known type of boomerang , used primarily for recreation, can be made to circle in flight and return to the thrower. Although boomerang -like objects were known in other parts of the world, the earliest examples and the greatest diversity of design is found in Australia. A specimen of a preserved boomerang has been found at Wyrie Swamp in South Australia and is dated at 10, years old.

Boomerangs were not known throughout the entirety of Australia, being absent from the west of South Australia, the north Kimberley region of Western Australia, north-east Arnhem Land, and Tasmania. In some regions boomerangs are decorated with designs that are either painted or cut into the wood. Very early in Australian English the term boomerang was used in transferred and figurative senses, especially with reference to something which returns to or recoils upon its author.

These senses are now part of International English, but it is interesting to look at the earliest Australian evidence for the process of transfer and figurative use:. By the s the verbal sense developed another meaning: 'to return in the manner of a boomerang; to recoil upon the author ; to ricochet'. Australia's a big country An' Freedom's humping bluey And Freedom's on the wallaby Oh don't you hear her Cooee, She's just begun to boomerang She'll knock the tyrants silly. On 13 November the Canberra Times reported that 'Greg Chappell's decision to send England in appeared to have boomeranged'.

These verbal senses of boomerang have also moved into International English. For a further discussion of boomerang see the article 'Boomerang, Boomerang, Thou Spirit of Australia! The phrase is first recorded in the s. A tax avoidance scheme. In the late s a large number of bottom of the harbour schemes were operating in corporate Australia. The term is usually used attributively. Hyland Diamond Dove : The feller in the dock was some fabulous creature - part lawyer, part farmer - who'd been caught in a bottom-of-the-harbour tax avoidance scheme. An employee responsible for maintaining the outer fences on a station, or a publicly owned vermin-proof fence.

This sense of boundary rider is recorded from the s but in more recent years, as a result of changes in technology and modes of transport, this occupation has become relatively rare. Since the s the term has been used of a boundary umpire in Australian Rules Football, a cricketer in a fielding position near the boundary, and a roving reporter at a sporting game.

For a more detailed discussion of the original sense of boundary rider and the later sporting senses see our Word of the Month article from December McGinnis Tracking North : Mechanisation had finally reached the open-range country. There were no more pumpers or boundary riders. Be the unlikely winner of an event; to win an event coming from well behind. For a detailed discussion of this phrase see our blog 'Doing a Bradbury: an Aussie term born in the Winter Olympics' which includes a video of Bradbury's famous win , and our Word of the Month article from August The Socceroos need some of that luck.

The practice of improperly increasing the membership of a local branch of a political party in order to ensure the preselection of a particular candidate. The term is a specific use of branch meaning 'a local division of a political party'. While the practice described by branch stacking has been around for a very long time, the word itself is first recorded in the s. Leaving immediately; making a hasty departure; at full speed. It is likely that this expression was first used in horseracing to refer to a horse that moved very quickly out of the starting gates.

Bray Blossom : 'Come on youse blokes! First sign of a better offer and they are off like a bride's nightie. An invitation to bring a plate of food to share at a social gathering or fundraiser. There are many stories of new arrivals in Australia being bamboozled by the instruction to bring a plate. As the locals know, a plate alone will not do.

In earlier days the request was often ladies a plate , sometimes followed by gentlemen a donation. Ladies bring a plate. Please bring a plate. All welcome. A wild horse. The origin for this term is still disputed. Curr in Australian Race gives booramby meaning 'wild' in the language of the Pitjara or Pidjara or Bidjara people of the region at the headwaters of the Warrego and Nogoa Rivers in south-western Queensland. This is in the general location of the earliest evidence, but the language evidence has not been subsequently confirmed.

This origin was popularised by Paterson in an introduction to his poem 'Brumby's run' printed in A common suggestion is that brumby derives from the proper name Brumby. This theory was also noted by E. Morris in Austral English in 'A different origin was, however, given by an old resident of New South Wales, to a lady of the name Brumby, viz. Over the years, various Messrs Brumby have been postulated as the origin. More recently, Dymphna Lonergan suggested that the word comes from Irish word bromaigh , the plural form of the word for a young horse, or colt.

McGinnis Wildhorse Creek : The country's rotten with brumbies. A forlorn hope; no prospect whatever. One explanation for the origin of the term is that it comes from the name of the convict William Buckley, who escaped from Port Phillip in and lived for 32 years with Aboriginal people in southern Victoria. A second explanation links the phrase to the Melbourne firm of Buckley and Nunn established in , suggesting that a pun developed on the 'Nunn' part of the firm's name with 'none' and that this gave rise to the formulation 'there are just two chances, Buckley's and none'.

This second explanation appears to have arisen after the original phrase was established. For an earlier discussion about the origin of the term buckley's chance see the article 'Buckley's' in our Ozwords newsletter. It should have been Buckley. Olympus explains that he altered it because he didn't want the Fitzroy men to have 'Buckley's chance'.

A pair of close-fitting male swimming briefs made of stretch fabric. The Australian term is probably a variation of the international English grape smugglers for such a garment. The term is a jocular allusion to the appearance of the garment. Budgie smugglers is first recorded in the late s. For a more detailed discussion of the word see our Word of the Month article from December That, and a thin pair of Speedos so figure-hugging you can see every goosebump - flimsy togs that are known not-all-that-affectionately by us Brown boys as budgie smugglers!

A kind of fine powdery dirt or dust, often found in inland Australia. Roads or tracks covered with bulldust may be a hazard for livestock and vehicles, which can become bogged in it. It is probably called bulldust because it resembles the soil trampled by cattle in stockyards. The word can also be used as a polite way of saying bullshit.

Both senses of the word are first recorded in the s. This 'bull' dust might be about two feet deep, and cakes on the surface, so that it is hard to penetrate. I told him that nothing would get within a 'bull's roar' of Agricolo to interfere with him, and such was the case. The term is often found in this phrasal form where it now has several meanings: 'to be financially bankrupt, to come to nought; to fail, to collapse, to break down'.

These figurative senses of bung emerged in the late 19th century. An amphibious monster supposed to inhabit inland waterways. Descriptions of it vary greatly. Some give it a frightful human head and an animal body. Many descriptions emphasise its threat to humans and its loud booming at night. It inhabits inland rivers, swamps, and billabongs. The word comes from the Aboriginal Wathaurong language of Victoria. Bunyip is first recorded in the s. For a more detailed discussion of this word see the article 'There's a Bunyip Close behind us and he's Treading on my Tail' in our Ozwords newsletter.

Venture an attempt; give something a try. This is an Australian alteration of the standard English phrase give it a whirl. Give it a burl is first recorded in the early years of the 20th century. We'll give it a burl, eh? We wanted to give it a burl and see how it went. We'd do it again. What do you think this is, bush week? These senses of bush week go back to the early 20th century. The phrase originally implied the notion that people from the country are easily fooled by the more sophisticated city slickers.

The speaker resents being mistaken for a country bumpkin. Glassop Lucky Palmer : I get smart alecks like you trying to put one over on me every minute of the day. What do you think this is? Bush Week? Murray Goodbye Lullaby : They had already been warned about the breastfeeding business Beat it, you two! The act or process of criticising the Australian Government and its bureaucracy. Canberra , the capital of Australia, has been used allusively to refer to the Australian Government and its bureaucracy since the s.

The term Canberra bashing emerged in the s, and is also applied in criticisms of the city itself. For a more detailed discussion of the term see our Word of the Month article from February Politicians on both sides have shown a willingness to put the boot into a national capital. In a political context a decision made by a party leader etc.

This term also takes the form captain's call. Captain's pick is derived from sporting contexts in which a team captain has the discretion to choose members of the team. The political sense emerged in Australian English in For a more detailed discussion of this term see our Word of the Month article from January To die; to break down; to fail.