This work is primarily an operational level survey of the Philippine campaign from the perspective of the USN and USMC with frequent dives into the experiences of front-line sailors and Marines.
Gordon relies on American archival sources and secondary sources, with a few Japanese sources also cited. The work begins by discussing American preparations for war in Gordon compares the light damage suffered by the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard on December 7 with the total destruction at Cavite, largely due to uncontrollable fires.
As evidence of further disconnects between the Army and Navy, the SS Corregidor sank in an Army-controlled minefield, resulting in the deaths of evacuating Filipino civilians and the loss of valuable artillery.
At sea, defective torpedoes limited the success of American submarine operations against Japanese invasion convoys. In an ironic reversal of the still to come situation on Guadalcanal, USN aerial patrols and offensive raids took place at night because of Japanese air superiority.
By the end of December, rapid Japanese success on Luzon led Imperial Army commanders to conclude that the final American positions on the Bataan peninsula would fall quickly. This underestimation of the size of the defending American forces served to prolong the campaign and meant the Japanese army was unprepared for the large numbers of prisoners that surrendered on Bataan.
Fighting for MacArthur: The Navy and Marine Corps' Desperate Defense of the Philippines [John Gordon] on umigoqofym.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Editorial Reviews. Review. "[A] fine book." -- Naval Books of the Year column in Warship, Fighting for MacArthur: The Navy and Marine Corps' Desperate Defense of the Phillipines by MacArthur and the Navy and also compares MacArthur's actions in the defense of the Philippines to those of Admiral Thomas Hart.
During the defense of Bataan, Japanese commanders tried several times to land small units behind American lines. Gordon provides detailed small-unit accounts of the confused, yet successful American defense against these Japanese landings. Gradually dwindling fuel stocks in southern Bataan curtailed patrols by small Navy gunboats and minesweepers based on Bataan and Corregidor, giving the Japanese greater freedom of movement in Manila Bay.
The book also provides a detailed description of the island defenses and artillery positioned on Corregidor and the surrounding fortress islands. Although well fortified and equipped with sophisticated weapons, American artillery on the fortress islands suffered from limited high-explosive ammunition, a shortage of weapons suited for engaging ground targets, and an outdated philosophy of artillery espoused by the artillery commander.
As a result, American artillery came off second best during the ensuing artillery duel with the Japanese leading up to the final attack on Corregidor. Despite inflicting heavy casualties on the initial Japanese landing waves, the Marine and Navy forces on Corregidor were gradually pushed back. Navy gunboats that fought You always hear the battles of Bataan and Corregidor from the Army viewpoint but this book is written from the Navy side.
Navy gunboats that fought to the last ship. Corregidor finally surrendered because the Japanese were able to move long range guns around Corregidor and just pound her into submission. A fine tribute to the brave men and women who fought to the last bullet there. View 2 comments.
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About John Gordon.
John Gordon. Librarians note: There is more than one author in the Goodreads database with this name. Books by John Gordon.