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More top stories. Bing Site Web Enter search term: Search. Hollyoaks star, 37, and husband David O'Mahony are expecting first child Gangland killings, family honour, illicit affairs Singer plants a kiss on wife on romantic picnic in LA park Today's headlines Most Read 'It felt like Tinkerbell had released her': Vinnie Jones tears up as he bravely recalls moment his beloved US diplomat's wife, 42, 'drove yards on the wrong side of the road before she hit and killed' British Or do you love a baby on a plane, too?

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How The Italian Job producers were meant to resolve its Vigilante biker pulls up and starts harassing a driver by aggressively revving his engine at man who is Paris police ignored 'obvious signs of radicalisation' in colleague who used an oyster knife in deadly In addition to Princeton , the hometown of the Vietnam War soldier who is the focus of the new book Summer Wind , Gibson County in far-southwestern Indiana also includes a landmark community in African-American history.

Today, two prominent buildings stand as reminders of this rich history: the Wayman Chapel Church pictured above and a restored school building that serves as a community center and museum. Please do not call into the show until you hear Nelson pose the question on the air, and please do not try to win the prize if you have won any other prize on WICR during the last two months. You must also be willing to give your first name to our engineer, and you must answer the question live on the air. The history of Corydon's Kintner House Inn , which is still open as a bed-and-breakfast, stretches back even further than the Civil War, however.

It was around that Jacob Kintner opened his two-story limestone home to travelers, and as business boomed, he built an elegant new hotel. Fire destroyed that building, and in he tried again and constructed the Inn that still stands today. The exterior is so pretty it's been featured on two Hallmark Christmas cards. Inside, the Kintner House Inn is steeped in Victorian-era charm: both an organ and piano grace the parlor, and bedrooms feature fringed lampshades, tasseled curtains and a variety of antiques.

Visitors will find such treasures as an 8-foot tall flame mahogany armoire, a walnut dresser with pink marble top, an inlaid star-patterned game table and a towering, hand-carved walnut bed dated to the s.

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The Kintner House Inn served as the reluctant hosts of General Morgan and his troops following the Battle of Corydon on July 9, , but we'll let Jane share those historical details with you during this portion of the show. She may convince you it's worth the trip to see with your own eyes the only Civil War battlefield aside from Gettysburg, of course! Dec 9, This being the season of peace and goodwill, our show explores the heritage of peace-making in the Hoosier state. Specifically, we look at the resolution of conflicts ranging from bullying among children to disputes among adults in the workplace and neighborhood.

Nelson is joined in studio by two guests from groups with deep traditions in peace advocacy:. We look into Indiana's past to examine efforts at conflict resolution and peacemaking. One such effort: during the Civil War, Quakers in Indiana struggled with the dilemma of whether to take up arms for the Union cause.

Their ethical quandary later inspired a major storyline in the novel The Friendly Persuasion , a national bestseller written in by acclaimed author Jessamyn West, a native of Jennings County, Ind. In , a movie version starring Gary Cooper was released. Our guest Keni Washington, a well-known jazz composer and saxophonist, is the managing director of Earth-Solar Technologies Corporation , a business in the solar energy field. As a youth during the s, Keni attended - ironically, for a future peace activist - Howe Military Academy , the military boarding school in far-northeastern Indiana.

During our show, Keni will discuss how his experiences at Howe shaped his attitudes about using peace-focused approaches to conflict resolution. Decades after his graduation, Keni sent his son to the military academy. According to Tim, the Peace Learning Center has worked with , children and adults since it was founded in The center now has programs in eight cities and several foreign countries.

According to an account in The Indianapolis Star, the police officers helped teach "safe and simple ways to manage anger, solve problems and develop an understanding of different perspectives. The Peace Learning Center also has worked with youth at juvenile correctional facilities. The center advocates for peace-focused responses to national, state and local policy issues. Known as a great leader both in war and in peace, one of the most widely admired Native Americans in history grew up in what is now northeastern Indiana during the s.

His village was located not far from the present city of Fort Wayne. Although hailed as a military commander for his triumphs even when his forces were greatly outnumbered, he also was known for his leadership of the Miami tribe during times of peace. He struck alliances with white leaders and sought to avoid the conflicts that led to the disastrous Battle of Tippecanoe.

The Miami leader died at his lodge in Indiana in Question : Who was the leader? Wayne encourages Hoosiers to get outside and explore natural areas in any season, including winter.

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One is Wing Haven , a gem of a property that is owned by Acres Land Trust and includes an old stagecoach inn and wonderful prairie lands. Wing Haven, a birding destination, was a gift from Helen Swensen, whose 19th century log buildings are now used by the property's caretakers. McClure Reserve is owned by Steuben County and includes 80 wooded acres with spectacular pine trees. The reserve is maintained by volunteers and includes the best old-growth forest in northeast Indiana, including large tulip trees and red and white oaks.

Terri stresses that winter is a great time to explore the outdoors in Indiana and experience the colors and textures of the natural landscape in its dormant period. As she notes, "Our four seasons give us an ever changing palette! December 2, The jaw harp was popular. So were the fiddle and dulcimer. Community bands played flutes, whistles and drums. There even were pianos before in Indiana, despite the significant challenges of transporting them to frontier communities via horse-drawn vehicles and river boats. Less widely seen or, in some cases, not present at all in the Hoosier state of the s, '30s and '40s: the guitar, banjo, harmonica, mandolin, ukulele and accordion.

On this encore show originally broadcast in , Nelson is joined in studio by Erik Peterson to explore various aspects of the music played by pioneer families in Indiana. Erik, an Indianapolis-based musician and historian, has performed at Prairietown at Conner Prairie Interactive History Park and at other history-focused sites.

He has researched pre music of central Indiana for a postgraduate degree, thanks in part to a fellowship from the Society of Indiana Pioneers. Adept at various instruments, Erik often performs traditional Irish, American folk and Celtic music with several ensembles. During this show, he performs a few musical interludes to convey a flavor of the music heard in pioneer Indiana.

He has gained insights by tracking down diaries, letters and journals of pioneer families. The jaw harp, a hand-held instrument about the size of a harmonica, was played frequently. Erik performs a tune on the instrument during our show, a rare opportunity to hear it.

He notes that today, the jaw harp primarily is relegated to the soundtracks of animated cartoons. The first piano was brought to Indiana during the early s; the historic instrument is exhibited today at Switzerland County Historical Museum in the far-southeastern county on the Ohio River. The extraordinary efforts undertaken to transport pianos here decades before railroads underscore the importance of music in the lives of pioneers, Erik emphasizes. He points out that many pioneer towns in Indiana even had community bands.

Early settlers to the Midwest viewed some musical instruments as appropriate for men while others were seen as more fitting for women. But the gender preferences often were reversed from those of modern sensibilities, Erik says. Pioneer men tended to play flutes and violins, while women played guitars and banjos once those instruments finally made their way to Indiana, primarily after the Civil War. Before that, advertisements for academies such as the Indianapolis Female Institute touted instruction in piano for young women.

During our show, Erik plays a few verses of a song that would have been played frequently in early Indiana: Hail, Columbia! The Star Spangled Banner was not adopted as the official national anthem until , about years after the era that is the focus of our show. Since then, Hail Columbia! Guest Roadtripper Glory-June Greiff , Indianapolis public historian, has made the day trip several times to the old canal town of Delphi in Carroll County, about 15 miles northeast of Lafayette.

There's plenty of hiking and history at the Wabash and Erie Canal Park in Delphi, which is open year-round and includes an Interpretive Center, lots of trails for hiking and biking, and canal boat rides that continue through the end of September. Don't miss the Delphi Opera House and adjacent shops. Glory-June also has an eye for great small-town restaurants; she recommends Delphi's Stonehouse Restaurant and Bakery.

And for your dining pleasure either coming or going, there is Treece Restaurant in Rossville. The new team was part of an upstart professional league, the colorful American Basketball Association ABA , and before any of the players had even scored a point, much civic, social and sports history already had been made.

Two previous pro basketball teams based in Indianapolis had died. One of them, the Indianapolis Olympians , went down in scandal. Efforts at putting together the Pacers team had met a variety of challenges. Unsuccessful attempts had been made to woo household names in Indiana - including former high school basketball sensations Oscar Robertson and identical twins Tom and Dick Van Arsdale - to be part of the Pacers organization.

And some of the African-American players who had been signed to the team encountered challenges finding housing in the Hoosier capital due to the racial discrimination that was unfortunately common at the time. To explore the rich history of the early era of the Pacers, Nelson is joined in studio by veteran sports journalist Mark Montieth , who, as a boy growing up in Indy, listened to the debut Pacers game on the radio.

In the early s, Mark writes, the Hoosier capital was growing, "yet it had no national sports identity beyond the Indianapolis Civic and business leaders wanted to change that. Early games in the ABA often were raucous, and fighting among the players was common. Several of the early Pacers were regarded as wild characters, including fan favorites Bob Netolicky and Mel Daniels.

The starting salaries of early Pacers players? The ABA was distinctive for its red, white and blue basketball and the introduction to the pro game of the 3-point shot. The future of the team and of the league were considered so uncertain that Bobby "Slick" Leonard the former high school basketball star from Terre Haute who later coached the Pacers to the national championships was so wary of giving up a secure job as a salesman for class rings that he didn't initially seek the coaching opportunity. Some early players were essentially being offered second chances to achieve hoops glory.

In high school and college, Netolicky was "more motivated to have fun than to play basketball" and had exotic pets such as an ocelot and a boa constrictor, according to Reborn. His eventual teammate Roger Brown had taken a factory job on the night shift after his links to a gambler ended opportunities as a player in college and with the NBA. During the heyday of the ABA Pacers in the late s and early '70s, one of the team's highest profile players, Bob Netolicky , owned a popular nightspot in Indianapolis.

The bar, called Neto's , was located in a shopping area that had the same name as the neighborhood that surrounded it. Netolicky, a 6-foot-9 power forward and center, frequently chatted with patrons of the bar, which often was jammed after Pacers games. It cultivated a "swinging" atmosphere, with strobe lighting and go-go dancers.

Question: What was the name of the neighborhood and shopping center where Neto's was located? Please do not call into the show until you hear Nelson pose the question on the air, and please do not try to win if you have won any other prize on WICR during the last two months. Plymouth is located at the crossroads of two historic highways, the Old Michigan Road U. Chris has been fascinated with Indiana history since the 4th grade and he now serves on the board of directors of the Studebaker National Museum Foundation.

The Marshall County Museum is in downtown Plymouth and has won the Indiana Historical Society award in recognition of "remarkable public services and programs provided to its community. Chris will share details about the museum's displays, which cover 25, square feet. November 18, This week, Hoosier History Live features an encore presentation of a compelling show from , The Titanic and Hoosiers.

Did you know that there were 14 passengers with Indiana connections on the doomed Titanic , which struck an iceberg in the North Atlantic and sank in ? Some of the Hoosiers survived, while others were among the more than 1, passengers and crew members who perished. Exploring a variety of aspects of the tragedy that has captivated the world since the British passenger liner sank on its maiden voyage, Nelson is joined in studio by Indianapolis resident Craig Ware , whose lifelong interest in the Titanic culminated with meeting the final living survivor - and then corresponding with her.

That passenger was Millvina Dean , the youngest passenger on board, who died at age 97 in England in A member of the Titanic Historical Society years before the ship was discovered at the bottom of the North Atlantic in , Craig has amassed a trove of information about the massive liner that was built for luxury and convenience, not speed. In the years since its sinking, the Titanic has become a symbol of the overconfidence and opulence of the Edwardian era.


Nelson and Craig are joined in studio by Katherine Gould , associate curator of cultural history at the Indiana State Museum , where "Titanic: The Artifact Exhibition" was on display during the original broadcast of this show. The exhibit featured about artifacts salvaged from the wreck site at the bottom of the North Atlantic. The Hoosier Titanic survivors include an Irish housekeeper, Ellen Mary Toomey , who had immigrated to Indianapolis but then returned to her homeland to visit relatives. Those who did not survive the sinking include a Hammond resident who had traveled to Sweden to visit her parents.

She perished, as did her 2-year-old daughter, who had been born in Hammond. Myths and folklore abound about the sinking. They include allegations that distress signals were ignored, that third-class passengers deliberately were kept below deck and that the ship's cargo included cases of dragon blood, a bright-red tree resin that has been used for centuries in varnishes, medicines, and dyes. Nelson and his guests separate fact from myth as they delve into a tragedy that for generations has fascinated social historians, analysts of mass panic and those intrigued by what happened to - and aboard - the ship.

Their numbers are legion, particularly since the release of the blockbuster movie Titanic starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet. Their co-star Gloria Stuart passed away in at the age of Ohio St. Once inside, you'll be immersed in the s cabaret-style setting featuring a digital grand player piano and photographs that span Porter's life, social circle and travels. An elegantly-dressed singer will serenade you with Porter standards, and you can even sing along if you want to!

Alas, the Cole Porter Room's similarities to an elegant s cabaret lounge do not include libations; no Champagne cocktails or zombies are in the offing. Cole Porter was born in Peru, Ind. He became an officer with a fighter bomber unit in the South Pacific. A more famous Hoosier who grew up on a farm - acclaimed war correspondent Ernie Pyle - also was in the Pacific theater during the final months of World War II. He was preparing with a colleague, correspondent for the magazines Time and Life Robert Sherrod , to cover the final invasion of Japanese-held islands when Pyle was killed by a sniper.

Nelson is joined by two guests:. His diary reads: "My first day out in the cold, cruel world. Yes, the draft got me - and how! His service took him from Indiana to New Guinea, where he wrote about wartime camp life at one of the world's largest air bases, and to the Philippines. Rocky Boyer became a first lieutenant and participated in a major air blitz regarded as pivotal for the Allied victory in the southwest Pacific. Ernie Pyle, the son of sharecroppers from Dana in far-western Indiana, did not live to celebrate the war's end, but his colleague Robert Sherrod who was not a Hoosier did.

Upon learning of Japan's surrender, Sherrod, who was embedded with the Marines, wrote: "Many refused to believe it. Sitting in stunned silence, we remembered our dead. So many dead. So many maimed. Also during our show, Ray Boomhower shares insights about a top U. Admiral Raymond Spruance , who grew up in Indy and graduated from Shortridge High School , commanded naval forces during some of the most significant battles in the Pacific. In addition to describing battles - including the major air war in New Guinea - Rocky Boyer's diary describes daily life for soldiers that sometimes involved unexpected, unnecessary risks.

According to accounts in his diary, Rocky was awakened by an alcohol-fueled party at an officers' club that involved periodic explosions of TNT and blasts of gunfire. It's one of several passages that the book describes as "unvarnished" accounts. Hoosier History Live explored Pyle's columns about Indiana - as well as those of journalist John Bartlow Martin , who grew up in Indianapolis - during a show in May You can listen that show by visiting our website at hoosierhistorylive.

Both of our guests - as well as Nelson, our host - signed copies of their books at the Holiday Author Fair on Dec. More than 60 authors with Indiana connections were participate in the annual event. Our show this week is shorter than usual because of coverage of UIndy football ; there is no Road Tripper report.

During World War II, an Indiana city was seventh on a bombing list of American targets put together by Adolf Hitler and his advisers, according to some historic accounts. The Germans' interest in bombing the city was attributed to major industrial centers there that were involved in wartime manufacturing. They included a piston plant that was making parts for tank, airplane and truck engines.

Army trucks, airplane propellers and other items used by the military. An author who grew up in the Indiana city even wrote a book with a title that includes the town's name and the ominous phrase "Seventh on Hitler's List. Jim and Nancy Johnson recently hit the yellow "Donate" button on our newsletter to offer their financial support to the show.

Along with their contribution, they left this comment: "We are busy on Saturdays. However, we are now enjoying the shows archived online! Thanks for an educational and entertaining show each week! It does increase our production costs to pay for the additional editing time and technical support, so we truly appreciate their financial contribution! Won't you join Jim and Nancy in offering your support for the hard work that goes into creating a quality radio show like Hoosier History Live and making it available as a podcast?

All you have to do is scroll down to the yellow " Donate " button below and pledge your support. The crew at Hoosier History Live thanks you! November 4, As is clear from the popularity of the show Finding Your Roots, now in its fourth season on PBS, and from the high volume of visitors to the website ancestry. And with the advent of personal DNA analysis from services such as 23andMe and AncestryDNA , more and more individuals are learning about the precise admixture of ethnicities in their genetic heritage, as well as discovering possible matches for unknown blood relatives who have undergone the DNA testing themselves.

But these tests have raised thorny questions. What does our genetic information tell us about ourselves? If we use online sleuthing to contact relatives revealed by the DNA tests, should we consider them family? What if they would rather not have heard from us? And what if we learn that the race or ethnicity revealed by our DNA is different than the one we had always identified with?

Does the newly available genetic information outweigh culture, tradition and family lore in our sense of who we are? For this Hoosier History Live show examining what personal DNA testing reveals about ourselves and our shared history, guest host and associate producer Mick Armbruster interviews three Hoosier women who have recently conducted a personal DNA analysis that yielded surprising results. Mick's guests in studio are:. Joan Hostetler , a photo historian and founding director of The Indiana Album. She had her DNA analyzed in and learned some surprising things about the ancestry of her mother, who had been adopted as an infant in Joan's mother knew only that she had been born in Fort Wayne, Ind.

Despite years of searching, Joan and her mother were unable to learn the names of Joan's maternal biological grandparents before Joan's mother passed away in In the s Becky and her mother attempted to find the adopted sibling, but to no avail. What little information they had about the person could be summed up on a 3x5 index card: Female, weighed less than 6 lbs.

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Becky's DNA test eventually led to locating this long-lost sister and a joyful reunion including Becky's three other sisters in But that wasn't the only surprise: Becky's DNA testing exposed other family secrets about her biological parentage and ethnic heritage. When Maxine had her DNA tested earlier this year, however, she was surprised to learn that despite identifying as African American throughout her life, her genetic heritage is more Irish than any other ethnic group. She also discovered that her white great great grandfather, John Wimp Jr.

Through genealogy groups, Maxine has been in touch with many of her white Wimp relatives, who she says call her "cousin" as a term of affection. In , the Indiana state legislature passed a law that provided for the involuntary sterilization of "confirmed criminals, idiots, imbeciles and rapists. During the time when the Indiana sterilization law was active, more than 2, Indiana citizens deemed "mental defectives" by the state were involuntarily deprived of their ability to have children.

Question : What was the official term for the "science" now regarded as pseudoscience of improving the human population through forced sterilization? Hint: the word is based on the Greek roots for "well" and "born. Please do not call into the show until you hear Mick pose the question on the air, and please do not try to win if you have won any other prize on WICR during the last two months. The prize is four tickets to the Indy International Festival on Nov. Since the mansion has been a museum dedicated to the story of its builder and original owner, James F.

Lanier , a financier who is credited with starting the first railroad in Indiana. The Lanier Mansion , completed in , is one of the best examples of Greek Revival architecture in the country and is considered to be the crown jewel of Madison's Historic District. Careful interior restoration and redecoration have recaptured the mansion's 19th-century splendor. During the s, the Department of Natural Resources Division of Museums and Historic Sites , with major funding provided by the Lanier Mansion Foundation, restored the building and grounds to their former grandeur.

After many years of painstaking research, the home was painted in the original colors both inside and out. On the interior, horsehair brushes were used to paint the walls and decorative plaster moldings, which were then covered with a high-gloss varnish as they were in The wallpapers and carpets all are reproductions of those available for purchase in the s. Curators and other staff continue to research furnishings from the period, and changes to reflect their research may be made to the home in the future.

And now, for the first time in the past years, the east wing of the Lanier Mansion has been opened to the public, restored to its appearance at the time Lanier lived in the home. The Nov. The event will be from p. The historic Alford House, which is newly opened as an event center , was built in by Marion County Criminal Court Judge Fremont Alford and later became a funeral home for many decades. A newly constructed expansion building is set to open in February. And they had to fight city hall and established interests to do it.

Hoosier History Live producer Molly Head will be working the door at the beginning of this event, and our associate producer Mick Armbruster will be there to close out the evening. Stop on by and say hello! October 21, Sitting in for Nelson Price on this show is frequent guest Jo Ellen Meyers Sharp, author, garden writer, speaker and photographer. Her blog, Hoosier Gardener , offers week-by-week advice on a variety of topics related to raising vegetables, potting plants and creating beautiful landscapes in Indiana. Jo Ellen also writes a weekly gardening column for the Indianapolis Star.

Among other dirty topics, the trio talks about some important historical highlights of Indiana horticulture: a hall at Purdue University that was named for a female leader in agriculture; landscape architects who worked in Indiana and whose culturally significant designs remain largely intact; and a brief look at consumer trends in growing plants in pots over the last few decades. Carol, author of the book Potted and Pruned: Living a Gardening Life , says she loves old gardening books, plants and tools.

Her award-winning blog can be found at MayDreamsGardens. Irvin is horticulture display coordinator at the Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields, where he wrote award-winning blogs. He speaks around the country about tropicals and other plants and is a former director of the Perennial Plant Association. He also raises rabbits and chickens for show. The trio also talk about horticultural jobs ranging from dungarees to lab coats and how they have changed over the years.

A recent Hoosier History Live show featured two very special Indiana fruits. Recent trends that favor eating locally-grown produce have renewed interest in these fruits, and small-town Indiana festivals pay homage to them in the late summer and fall. Question : What is the name of the two fruits featured in a recent Hoosier History Live show? You must give both fruits in order to win. Jeannie suggests that we begin our visit by exploring the St.


Ferdinand Catholic Cemetery , located at East 10th St. Among the limestone and marble tombstones, the cemetery features the distinctive metal crosses favored by Germans immigrants from the Alsace-Lorraine area of Germany and France, who settled this region in southern Indiana beginning in the s. The cemetery is across the street from the spectacular Monastery Immaculate Conception , known as the "Castle on the Hill. Just outside the entrance of the monastery is the cemetery for the sisters who once lived and worked there.

She also tells us that once we have taken in the sights of Ferdinand, there is much to explore in the pastoral rolling hills of Dubois County. Check out the county's visitor website for more ideas! October 14, Known for its conventionality and lack of cosmopolitan sophistication, Indianapolis in the s would seem to have held little appeal as a place for a non-conforming, artistically inclined foreigner to take up residence in the United States.

source url But that was the unlikely choice of self-described "gay humanist" Ian Fraser , who moved to the Circle City in with his fellow Brit and partner Ambrose Smith , with whom he would spend the next half century in the Hoosier state. Raised and educated in England and its colonial holdings in Africa and the Caribbean , Ian had launched a successful career as a designer in London when a chance meeting with an American tourist from Shelbyville , Ind.

The people Ian encountered in his new Hoosier home were friendly but had little idea what to make of this exotic creature. In the insular culture of Indiana at the time, few locals could even trace his and Ambrose's English accents back to their British origins, and the two were sometimes mistaken for Germans. And then there was the matter of Ian's homosexuality. In Bible-belt, straight-laced Indiana of the s, being "out" as a gay man wasn't exactly a viable option.

Although he always answered honestly if asked about the nature of his relationship with Ambrose, Ian didn't force the issue and let others draw their own conclusions, which almost always went unspoken. On this Hoosier History Live show, associate producer Mick Armbruster talks with Ian about his early years in Indianapolis, exploring his perspective on American life in the s and how he was able to adapt to the local scene.

Ian shares stories from his book, A Sow's Ear: Digressions and Transgressions of a Gay Humanist , which relates how the Indianapolis cultural elite welcomed him and Ambrose into their social world. With a naturally artistic inclination, Ian found an "oasis" in the John Herron Museum of Art , which later evolved into the Indianapolis Museum of Art , where he worked as a curator and guide for museum-sponsored tourism overseas.

When they weren't hobnobbing with the Clowes family and other well-heeled patrons of the Indianapolis art scene, Ian and Ambrose also had their share of adventures with colorful characters from a variety of backgrounds and social circumstances - including the Indianapolis gay demimonde. We hear stories about some of those characters, and the ease with which Ian and Ambrose moved among an ever-widening social circle. Ian also shares his experience witnessing racial prejudice in s Indianapolis. Stephanie, who works for the IMA as assistant director of communications, says "We have a ton going on this fall," for example the special exhibition Crazy Quilts: Stitching Memories , which is on display through January 7.

The unique exhibition takes guests on a trip back in time to the late s, when crazy-quilt making became a fad. Women caught up in the craze experimented with different types of fabrics, needlework and patterns in order to showcase their skills as seamstresses and creativity as designers.

Stephanie also tells us that after visiting the IMA galleries, you can stroll about the 30 acres of gardens, which are open year-round. Many of the gardens are part of the historic Oldfields estate, a National Historic Landmark featuring the Lilly House. Stephanie explains that visitors will be able to explore the historic garden as never before with more than one million multi-colored lights and foot tall decorated trees. Winterlights will also include a choreographed light show in front of the historic Lilly House mansion.

October 7, During an era of social upheaval a half century ago - an era considered radical by some people, liberating and long-overdue by others - the college town of Bloomington became an Indiana epicenter of cultural change. Our guests call it "the Berkeley of the Midwest" in light of the fermenting free-speech movement and various liberation efforts that began to take hold in Bloomington during the turbulent s.

They also describe major Midwestern drug trafficking operations that unfolded in Bloomington at the time. They call the book a "collective memoir," based on interviews with more than current or former Bloomington residents, including s-era high school and college students, as well as public officials.

Although the Dawsons live in Florida now Greg is a retired journalist and Candy a retired teacher , they were residents of Bloomington and later Indianapolis for several years. As a high school student in Bloomington during the s, Greg was an acquaintance of the central figure in Busted in Bloomington : a popular, innovative teacher in his early 20s who used rock music in his lessons and urged teenagers to read books and poetry regarded as subversive by older generations.

The Bloomington teacher also pushed boundaries in ways that ultimately created problems. For our broader look at the cultural scene in Bloomington during the s, our studio guests also include Dan "Carp" Combs , a current township trustee in Monroe County. As a teenager in the s, he showed up in "B-town" and became involved in the social upheaval. Nelson and his guests also are joined by Bloomington attorney Tom Berry , who was the Monroe County prosecutor during the era we will be exploring.

It was an era that, according to the Dawsons' book, included "a budding free-speech movement on [the IU] campus, among the first in America. Tom Berry, who was just in his 20s when he first won election as prosecutor, initially took a hardline stance against marijuana users; he oversaw the prosecution of some of the major figures in Busted in Bloomington. After a significant change in perspective, Tom Berry later pushed state legislators to give county prosecutors more flexibility in regard to recreational marijuana users.

Our guests describe Bloomington as a major hub of drug-dealing distribution, with, as Greg Dawson puts it, significant amounts flowing through the town via carriers en route to Chicago via I According to Busted in Bloomington , J. Edgar Hoover, the controversial head of the FBI at the time, placed six of his agents in the Indiana city to monitor leftists whom he suspected were "communists plotting to overthrow the government.

Our guests also describe a gay subculture and emerging gay-liberation movement in Bloomington during the s. Participants included some of the current or former residents of the town interviewed for the Dawsons' book. Others were involved in the emerging free-speech movement. Many Indiana University faculty members advocated for students' rights in various ways.

The central figure in Busted in Bloomington, Chuck Walls , was a charismatic English teacher and student newspaper adviser at Bloomington High School, which later evolved into Bloomington South.

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During the summer of - which became known nationally as the " Summer of Love " - Walls chaperoned a group of Bloomington High students on a trip to England. That's where many of the Hoosier teenagers were initially exposed to the counterculture about to spread overseas.

Our guest Dan Combs, 65, the current Monroe County township trustee, grew up in a rural family of eight children; his father worked in the limestone mills near Bloomington. Although our show's focus is on Bloomington in the s, this week's History Mystery goes back a decade earlier. During the early s, schoolchildren in Bloomington became the guinea pigs for a new brand of a product that was tested by Indiana University researchers. The product is used every morning to this day in homes across the country. Three IU researchers tested the experimental ingredient - a specific chemical compound - of the new brand on hundreds of Bloomington children during the early s.

After the tests had positive results, the new brand hit the national market in The building is named after Huntington attorney Lambdin P. Milligan , best known as one of the Civil War-era conspirators in Indiana who was arrested by the U. Army for disloyalty and tried by military commission. As Stephen explains the legal history, Milligan's attorneys appealed to the U. Supreme Court, which ruled after the war that civilians should not be tried by military commissions in areas where the civil courts are open and functioning.

The case, Ex parte Milligan , is considered a landmark ruling for civil liberties in the United States. In , Lambdin Milligan went into partnership with his son Moses to build a handsome structure to house his law offices, as well as a hotel and restaurant for travelers. Moses Milligan and his wife ran the Windsor Hotel as an elegant inn. Later, Lambdin Milligan moved into an apartment in the Milligan Block and died there in Visitors to Huntington who need refreshment after investigating the Milligan Block firsthand should check out its street-level restaurant, the Rusty Dog Irish Pub , which a local review called "a glowing example of tradition done right.

September 23, Earlier this month, a historic marker was dedicated at a bungalow near Garfield Park in Indianapolis. The house once was the residence of a speed-loving daredevil nicknamed "Cannon Ball," whose exploits on the new invention of the motorcycle captivated America's imagination during the early s.

According to the book Forgotten Hoosiers The History Press, , when he accomplished the feat "only four miles of his transcontinental route were paved. In this show we explore the colorful life of Cannon Ball Baker , who made more than cross-country speed runs, many on an Indian motorcycle , the first American brand. After researching Cannon Ball's impact on racing history, Mark decided to name his brewery at Bellefontaine St.

Mark helped in the crusade to get the Indiana Historical Bureau to erect a historic marker at Cannon Ball's former home in the Garfield Park neighborhood. The marker effort was led by Vickie Goens , the current owner of the bungalow, and her friend Stan Kiwor. Baker's impact wasn't limited to motorcycles. Nor were his exploits confined to the United States. He won a motorcycle sprint race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in , the first year the racetrack was open. According to an article in The Indianapolis Star last April, Baker built the bungalow in Garfield Park in , when he was at the peak of his cross-country racing achievements.

Another historic marker is expected to be dedicated next year in Dearborn County near Baker's birthplace. His pioneering, cross-country drive on an Indian motorcycle during May of involved traveling more than 3, miles from San Diego to New York City in and-a-half days. When Baker accomplished the transcontinental feat - which involved crossing streams, riding on railroad ties and negotiating mountain ranges - he was hailed as a daredevil and dubbed "Cannon Ball.

During interviews later in life, Baker claimed that when he raced through his home state of Indiana, authorities raised speed limits for one day to assist his record-smashing effort. Before and after the adventure - during scores of races that often set speed and distance records - Cannon Ball would promote sponsors, including manufacturers of motorcycles or of their component parts, touting their brands en route. Occasionally he drove early automobiles, racing against trains. Our guest Mark Swartz, who grew up in Indy, was a pilot and an aviation mechanic before opening Cannon Ball Brewing about 10 months ago.

While living on the East Coast several years ago, Mark competed in motorcycle races. Not enough people know about Cannon Ball today. According to Garfield Park residents who spoke at the recent dedication of the historic marker , Cannon Ball Baker captivated children in the neighborhood during the final years of his life by describing his exploits as a racing pioneer. Dedicated in , the sunken gardens were designed by a nationally known landscape architect who put together the first comprehensive, city-wide plan for parks and boulevards in Indianapolis.

A German immigrant who primarily was based out of St. Louis, the landscape architect spent much time in Indianapolis and died in the Hoosier capital in After his death, a major boulevard in the city was named in his honor. Question : Name the famous landscape architect who designed Garfield Park's sunken gardens. Please do not call in to the show until you hear Nelson pose the question on the air, and please do not try to win the prize if you have won any other prize on WICR during the last two months. You must be willing to give your name and address to our engineer and be willing to be placed on the air, and you must answer the question on the air.

Guest Roadtripper and public historian Glory-June Greiff tells us that Owen County - affectionately known as " Sweet Owen " to those who love it - is always a good place to wander, with its plentiful sites to see and places to eat. And when you need to work off those calories, Glory-June points out, you'll find plenty of hiking opportunities as well! Offering "comfort food Dotted throughout its hills are numerous buildings constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps CCC in the s, some of which are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

For the chance to see a more pristine natural environment activities limited to hiking only , check out the Nature Conservancy's Green's Bluff Nature Preserve , a few miles south of McCormick's Creek off SR Don't leave Owen County without checking out its historic county seat, with its 19th century courthouse. Spencer native E. Viquesney was the sculptor of Spirit of the American Doughboy that graces the courthouse lawn. Just to the east of square is the old Carnegie library, which now houses the Owen County Heritage and Cultural Center. Looking for a treat?

Check out Diamond K Sweets on the courthouse square in Spencer. This family-owned business is the home of Fudge O'Bits, a unique fudge treat that comes in several flavors. Try their brittles, too; Glory-June's favorite is cashew. As a final thought, Glory-June can't help adding that "Their milkshakes are like nothing you've ever had!

September 16, Amid international attention focused on the Korean peninsula, Hoosier History Live takes the opportunity to spotlight the Korean community in Indiana during another show in our rotating series about immigration and ethnic heritage groups here. Four guests - including three who grew up in South Korea, immigrated to America and settled in Indiana - join Nelson in studio.

Terri Morris Downs , executive director of the Immigrant Welcome Center of Indianapolis , discusses services and programs the organization offers, including Welcoming Week , which began mid September. The Welcome Center has served more than 10, immigrants and refugees from all over the world. Terri, who has been executive director since , also discusses challenges that confront immigrants.

The other guests are:. Johnathon, Abigail and Hae Lee all have close relatives and friends on the Korean peninsula; for example, Hae Lee's parents and younger sister live in South Korea. As with our other ethnic heritage shows, our guests share their immigration stories, describe where in Indiana their ethnic group has tended to settle as well as the eras when they arrived and convey a flavor of their homeland.

Given the recent dramatic developments on the Korean peninsula, our guests also discuss their concerns regarding North Korea's buildup of nuclear weapons and the rise in international tensions it has created. According to some accounts, about 10, Korean Americans or natives of Korea live in Indiana; other sources put the figure at 30, Lafayette is among the cities with the greatest concentration, probably because of the presence of Purdue University.

Although the physical size of South Korea is just 1. It's an indication of the density on the Korean peninsula. Our guest Hae Lee Cho, who contributes articles to the magazine, came to Indianapolis in to attend law school. She is a member of Greenwood Korean Baptist Church. In July , we explored Latvian and Lithuanian heritage in Indiana. We looked at Russian immigration to Indiana during a show in August To learn more about Indiana's Korean community and its vibrant culture, check out these options:.

Korean-American residents in central Indiana and a broad range of other ethnic heritage groups celebrate their cultures during an annual festival at the Indiana State Fairgrounds. For more than 40 years, the Indy International Festival has featured colorful exhibits, music and the cuisine of dozens of countries. For many years, the Nationalities Council of Indiana has hosted the three-day festival at the fairgrounds during a certain month of the year. Longtime Irvington Library listening group member Phylis Bourne has just turned 94, as recently reported by the Weekly View.

If you're inspired by Phylis' dedication to the show, perhaps you would be interested in hosting or facilitating a listening group for fans of Hoosier History Live. You could host the group anywhere - your small business, a library or retirement center - gathering on Saturdays at noon to listen to the show together. All you need is a quiet room with comfortable chairs and either a regular radio if you are in the WICR listening area or an online listening device such as a computer or smartphone with speakers and wifi access for streaming.

This makes a great social opportunity for your business or organization, especially in cooler weather when it is fun to "gather around the fire" to listen to the radio. The Central Library in downtown Indianapolis has offered space for a Hoosier History Live listening group, but the group must be facilitated by responsible volunteers.

If interested in facilitating a group at Central Library, please email Molly Head and she can help you get started. September 9, It's a suburban boomtown continually in the spotlight because of developments like next month's eagerly anticipated opening of the first Ikea store in the state.

So who today would guess that Fishers , located in Hamilton County , had a reputation for lawlessness, gun fights, grave robberies and drunken brawls in the years after it was founded during the s?

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To explore the violent early history of Fishers - which shed the designation of town to assume official status as a city only in , after years of explosive growth - Nelson is joined by David Heighway , Hamilton County's historian. Based on his extensive research, David has several explanations for why the town was so rough-and-tumble in the years after it was founded in Even Fishers' nickname of Mudsock has violent origins: a melee known as " the Battle of Mudsock " made national news in , one month after the infamous Gunfight at the O. Corral in Arizona when, according to David Heighway, the public was paying close attention to violent incidents.

He has posted several blog entries about Fisher's violent early years on a weekly blog of the Hamilton County East Public Library , where he works in collection services. Much of the blame for the Wild West early years of Fishers, David says, falls on "the loose political structure of the town," which encouraged lawlessness. As a railroad depot the community early on was known as Fishers Station , Fishers was located near several towns with strict temperance laws and ordinances.

According to an article David wrote for the Hamilton County Business Magazine , the Battle of Mudsock in November was a "community-wide brawl" that left one dead and 32 wounded. A fistfight escalated into an "explosion of violence. During its early years, lawlessness in Mudsock - i. Fishers - persisted in part because the town apparently had few, if any, law enforcement officers, David says. Grave robbing in the Fishers area circa was an extension of "body snatching" problems in Indianapolis, which was the epicenter of a major national ring led by Rufus Cantrell , who was known as the "King of the Ghouls.

Cantrell and his accomplices, who may have included a physician born in Hamilton County in , supplied corpses to early medical schools desperate for bodies to use in teaching students. In one of David's blog posts about the grave robbery problems , he describes how Cantrell testified in court against the physician from Hamilton County. Hoosier History Live explored grave robbing - and Cantrell's ring based in Indy - during a show that we rebroadcast last May. Other crimes in early Fishers included "train wrecking," robberies in which desperadoes placed ties or other obstructions on railroad tracks.

When approaching trains would crash or overturn, the criminals would loot the wreckage. When the Monon Railroad line opened in the s through the western part of Hamilton County - the opposite end from Fishers - violence in the town began to decline, according to David. He adds, though, that a pool hall located in the back of a Fishers hardware store was demolished by a dynamite explosion in Just as it surprises many that rapidly growing Fishers shifted from being a town to a city only in , another community in suburban Indianapolis - but not in Hamilton County - incorporated as a town only in Located west of Indy, the town has a history as a settlement that dates clear back to the s.

Like Fishers, it has been growing rapidly, so many Hoosiers assume the incorporation as a town occurred long before Its high school - which has the same name as the town - is known for the excellence of its marching band. With Confederate monuments in the news and causing controversy around the country, guest Roadtripper and architectural historian William Selm invites us to explore Garfield Park's Confederate memorial. Bill explains that the memorial was originally placed in the old Greenlawn Cemetery in downtown Indianapolis in It read "Erected by the United States to mark the burial place of the 1, soldiers and sailors who died while prisoners of war and cannot now be identified.

Basically these 1, men died between and while Confederate prisoners of War at Camp Morton , in what is now Herron Morton Place in Indianapolis. Meanwhile, the memorial was moved from the then-closing Greenlawn Cemetery to Garfield Park on the south side of Indianapolis in Sept 9, As an informational program that airs over a public radio station, Hoosier History Live is sometimes assumed to be a non-profit organization. And while it's true that we depend on the contributions of our listeners and the generosity of our sponsors for financial support, we have never chosen to file the c 3 paperwork required by the IRS for tax-exempt status, opting instead to retain the designation of a small business.

In a word, control. We are a small group of creative entrepreneurs who want control over our creative content and distribution. In a media environment where quality journalism is under increasing commercial and political pressure, we want to have an independent voice.

We are proud of the high-quality content we offer through our live radio program, newsletter and website, and we believe that the flexibility afforded by our small-business status will allow us to keep producing the quality programming you love.